Thursday, July 28, 2011

Large Skeletons With Neanderthal looking Skulls Found in Iowa Burial Mound

Stone chambered burial mound in Iowa is reminiscent of megalithic tombs in Europe that also contained archaic skull that were described as "Neanderthal like."

Ft. Wayne Gazette, August 26, 1873

Relics of an Ancient Race Discovered in Northeast Iowa
A very interesting archaeological discovery has just been made near Floyd, north of Waterloo Ia., on the Cedar river. For some time past it has been known that several ancient mounds were scattered along the banks of the river, but, though it had been excavated, nothing had been found except near Charles City. A few day ago work was begun excavating the mounds at Floyd. The largest was a circular in shape, thirty feet in diameter and about two feet high. It was situated in a field and had been plowed over for years. After digging down about four feet the bones of five persons were discovered. They were in a sitting posture and faced toward the north. A complet investigation showed that the original excavation had been floored with a layer of gravel, upon which the remains had been placed. The earth was then packed closely around them, another layer of gravel placed above them and the mound placed upon this. Of the remains nearly all the bones were in a good state of preservation, even the bones of the fingers and toes being intact. The bones were evidently of three males and one female and one babe. One of the men appears to have been over six feet high. The skeleton of the woman was, however, of greater interest from the fact that the skull measurements showed that she belonged to one of the lowest types of the human family, and experienced archaeologist claim that in some respects the skull seems to be lower in the scale than the celebrated “Neanderthal” specimen. The distance from the lower portion of the nasal bone to the upper margin of the eye cavities is only four centimeters, and the distance between the eye sockets is only two and three-fourths centimeters.
The forehead is very low and the inner portions of the eyebrow ridges are quite prominent. One of the jaws contained several well preserved teeth. The teeth of the babe were also preserved, but were very small. Its skull was quite thick. One of the male skeletons shows the teeth very much worn, in some instances clear down to the jaw-bone. The earth had been packed so closely around the skeletons that it was with considerable difficulty that it could be penetrated.
There are several other mounds in that vicinity which it is proposed to open, and it is expected that other remains of mound builders will be found. In the mounds near Charles City, which were opened last fall, remains of pottery were found with bones, but nothing of this sort was found at Floyd.