Wednesday, August 3, 2011
Large Prehistoric Axes Unearthed in New Jersey Hints of a Race Of Giants on the East Coast
Early Native American, Prehistoric Axes Hint of a Giant Race
Giant Hand-Axe from Sheringham, Norfolk. An altogether remarkable and gigantic hand-axe, discovered embedded in the beach below Beeston Hill, Sheringham, by Mr. J. P. T. Burchell, has been figured and described by Mr. J. Reid Moir (Proc. Prehistoric Soc. East Anglia, 7, Pt. 3). The implement measures in its greatest length 15J inches, in greatest width 6J inches, in greatest thickness 5J inches. Its weight is approximately 14 lb. It was derived originally from the base of the Cromer Forest bed, which rests upon the surface of the chalk. The implementiferous bed runs in beneath the Forest Bed strata and the glacial deposits which form the cliff, some 200 ft. in height. The material of the axe is of flint, the colour of the flaked surfaces being jet black. The ridges and outstanding parts are abraded, and it is striated in places. There is a small area of the cortex remaining, which shows a ferruginous staining. It is a specimen of the â€˜platessiformâ€™ type, that is, rhom-boidal in section in the anterior portion and showing the remains of both the dorsal and ventral planes or platforms of the rostro-carinate stage. In two other specimens cited for purposes of comparison, coming from East and West Runton, one is clearly of the â€œâ€˜platessiformâ€™ type, but the ventral plane is partly transformed into a cutting edge, while the second is equally clearly of the â€˜batiformâ€™ type, in which the section through the anterior portion is triangular in section, the lower angles of the triangle representing the cutting edges. Hand-axes showing these characteristics have been discovered not only in England but also widely distributed over the earth's surface. The numerous specimens discovered in the basement bed, belonging to the early Pleistocene epoch, are as highly specialised as are those of any later prehistoric period and represent a very definite and necessary stage in implemental development. No adequate explanation of the purpose which the gigantic size of the Sheringham axe could serve has been offered.
Was New Jersey the Home of a Race of Giants?
Alton Evening Telegraph, May 3, 1934
Jersey Farmer Plows up Prehistoric Giant's Axe
JERSEYVILLE, May 3, (Special) One of the largest axes of prehistoric origin in the memory of residents here was uncovered the past week by Louis Houseman on the farm where he reisides, seven miles northwest of Jerseyville.
The axe was weighed at the post office and lacked but several ounces of 10 pounds. The field where the axe was uncovered had been in cultivation for a number of years, but Housman has a reputation for plowing several inches deeper than the average farmer, and it was to his practice in this respect that the ax was brought to the surface. Houseman recently began farming the place where the find was made.
The ax had been scratched on a former occasion by a plow share, a mark on one of its sides showed.
The relic was brought to Jerseyville by Houseman and left at the Munsterman filling station on South State street. He has received several offers for his find, but has refused them.
Much speculation has arisen relative to the physique of the man who carried such a heavy weapon or implement. Such a tool, corresponds to some of the unusually large skeletons of prehistoric men that have been unearthed in western and southwestern Jersey county.
Nature Magazine, June 1935 135, 963-965 (08 June 1935) |