Wednesday, December 31, 2014

Hopeton Sacred Via was for the Procession of the Dead to Mound City

Hopeton Sacred Via was for the Procession of the Dead to Mound City

The American Antiquarian and Oriental Journal, 1892

The covered way at Hopeton leads towards Mound City. May it not be that this was the way through which processions passed on the occasions when the annual burial feast or "great burning" took place?  The passage across the river by a ferry to the place of burning would resemble the Egyptian custom, and would fulfil; the picture which Virgil has drawn of Charon crossing the river Styx with the souls of the dead.

Were the dead ferried across the Scioto from Hopeton to Mound City when the sun aligned with the sacred via at the sunset of the Winter solstice.

Monday, December 22, 2014

Corrected Map of the Adena Sun Temple Complex at New Castle, Indiana

Corrected Map of the Adena Sun Temple Complex at New Castle, Indiana

Corrected from Lilly's original map is the east west alignment of burial mound #1 with earthworks #2, #3 and # 4 to align with the Equinox sunrise and sunset. The largest henge # 11 was partially extended past the service road.

Lilly's original map of the positioning of the Sun Temples at New Castle, Indiana

Henge # 11 northern wall extended past the road and is still visible.

Henge # 2 is still visible in the winter months. In the background is mound #4.

Dakota, Natchez and Cherokee Traditions and Practices of the Ohio Hopewell Mound Builders

Dakota, Natchez and Cherokee Traditions of Living on the Ohio River and Building the Mounds

There are many similarities with the religion of the historic Natchez and the anient mound builders in the Ohio Valley. The Natchez performed ritual human sacrifice upon the death of a Sun. When a male Sun died, his wives were expected to accompany him by performing ritual suicide. We find men and women buried together in the Ohio mounds; did they die together ot was the woman sacrificed?Pictured above are 8 people who are being sacrificed at the death of the Natchez Sun King. The number reoccurs within the earthworks in the Ohio Valley.  Were these places of sacrifice of the Sun King?

Were subjects sacrificed at the 8 gateways of the Newark Ceremonial Center at the death of the Sun King?

Prehistoric America, Stephen Peet, 1903
First, let us consider the traditions of the Indian tribes as to their migrations.
1. The Cherokee were a tribe situated, at the opening of history, among the mountains of East Tennessee and perhaps as far east as North Carolina. There is a common tradition that the Cherokee were at one time in the Ohio Valley.
2.) The Dakotas; this tribe or stock was, at the opening of history located west of the Mississippi River, in the State that bears their name.  The Dakotas have a traditon they they were once on the Ohio River, and that they migrated from their to the west.
3.) The Natchez were a tribe formerly situated near the city of Natchez.  They were sun-worshippers.  It is supposed by some that the Natchez built the sun temples in Ohio, but they changed their methods and adopted the pyramid as their typical work afterwards.
4.0 The Tetons, a branch of the Dakotas, were probably once in the region, though their home was afterward in the northern part of Georgia.

Monday, December 8, 2014

Giant Skeleton and Roman Coins Found in Jackson, Ohio

Giant Skeleton and Roman Coins Found in Jackson, Ohio      

Roman Emporer, Scipio Africanus (236–183 BC)

The Holmes County Republican, March 16, 1859
Discovery of a Mysterious Vault
Jackson, Ohio February 21.
     Our village is full of wonder and excitement.  Martin Marker, J. W. Hughes and Washington Long, in digging a grave in the cemetery near this village, about ten o' clock, this morning, came to a large flat stone about four feet below the surface, which stopped their further progress, until they procured assistance and removed the stone from its resting place of ages, when it was found to have closed the entrance to a subterranean vault.  All efforts thus far ( 3 P. M. ) to enter it with a light have proved unsuccessful, on account of the foul air with which it is filled.  By means of a rake, human bone of gigantic size have been raised, and a small chard of silver, with coins attached to each end.         The coins, though much defaced by time, have the appearance of those used among the Romans in the days of Scipio Africanus, though there were evident traces of hieroglyphic devices than cannot be deciphered.
       The men at the cemetery have by means of burning straw, made light in the vault and, though none have the courage to enter further than the entrance, it has been discovered that there is, immediateley to the west of the opening, a chamber of about ten feet square, with steps dilapitaded down its eastern side.  Three other chambe,rs branch out of this; one to the north, one to the south and the other to the west. We are all curious of course, to know when and by whom these vaults were made and filled.