Saturday, December 19, 2015

Have a Merry Pagan Christmas

            Have a Merry Pagan Christmas


   One of the most iconic symbols of the holiday season is the “Christmas Tree.” Going into the woods, cutting an evergreen and bringing it into the home was most prolific with the ancient Druids who interpreted the tree's ability to remain green year round as a symbol of immortality, fertility, and the resurrection of the sun god.Tree worship was common among the pagan Europeans and survived their conversion to Christianity
   Pagan usage differed very little from modern Christmas trees. They would place orbs on the branches  with some kind of sun burst ornament at the top, representing the Sun deity. There was also the customs of decorating the house and barn with wreaths of evergreens at the New Year to scare away the devil. .
 The celebration of Christmas on the Winter Solstice began as early as 354 A.D. The Christmas festival we know today incorporated a little bit from different pagan societies. Gift giving and holiday lights came from the Roman's Saturnalia. Yule logs and the Christmas feasts came from the Germanic people, while the practice of caroling came from the Scandinavians.

What does the Bible say about the Christmas Tree?
Jeremiah 10:2-4, King James Version (KJV)
2:Thus saith the Lord, Learn not the way of the heathen, and be not dismayed at the signs of heaven; for the heathen are dismayed at them.
3:For the customs of the people are vain: for one cutteth a tree out of the forest, the work of the hands of the workman, with the ax.
4:They deck it with silver and with gold; they fasten it with nails and with hammers, that it move not. There is no defining conclusion to any of this. The Old Testament practices were based on paganistic rituals, and so it does not seem far fetched that Christianity should follow in these same footsteps. Contradictions in the Bible occlude the path to righteousness. Take for example in the quote above that says, “ be not dismayed at the signs of heaven.” In the contexts of the birth of Christ, what about the star of Bethlehem? In the end, the true spirit of Christmas has more to do with the fellowship of friends and family.

Thursday, December 17, 2015

Dear Mr. Archaeologist, Why are there Neanderthal skulls in Nebraska?

Dear Mr. Archaeologist, Why are there Neanderthal skulls in Nebraska?

    In "The Encyclopedia of Ancient Giants in North America" I chronicle numerous discoveries of Neanderthal hybrids, many of these were of giants stature. They were unearthed in 23 States, with most of the finds  in Coastal and the Great Lakes region, but with some exceptions in states like Nebraska. Experts from the Smithsonian claimed they resembled Neanderthal. 

   They were found in both sub surface burials along within burial mounds. In the 1907 Geological Survey of Nebraska it stated, "They are higher in human scale than Neanderthal man, but  lower than the mound builder." Many of the skulls found within burial mounds across the continent also had this Archaic type skull." 
    According to archaeologists and their Berengia Theory, they can't date earlier than 10,000 B.C.  So, Mr. Archaeologists, just what Native American people were Neanderthal looking 12,000 years ago, or earlier?
   



Lincoln Daily Star, November 10, 1913
Rare Collection to Medical School
Three Skulls Given to University Branch by Dr. Gilder
Types of Three Races Shown by Relics Found in Nebraska Mounds
(Special to the Star)

   Omaha Neb., Nov. 29 – A series of three prehistoric skulls, estimated as ranging from 100 years to at least 20,000 in age, and representing the three races of mankind, which ave lived in the great Missouri Valley since the advent of the human race upon this continent, has just been presented to the new medical college of the University of Nebraska by Dr. R. F. Gilder of Omaha, archaeologist in the field fir the university,
   The oldest skull is technically known as “Nebraska Loess Man, No. 8,” and is the eighth skull removed from the burial mound known as the “Long Mound.” this mound is located a few miles above Omaha and from the huge grave, Dr. Gilder removed twelve skulls, all of an order so low as to be scarcely above the ape in intelligence. Scientist made a careful and minute examination and declared that this skull had never been disturbed by man, but had been deposited by nature when the hills were made. Geologists declared that this had taken place at least 20,000 years ago and that the age of this people could not be less than that number of years.

Photo from the Smithsonian of skull number 8.

Number 8” had almost no forehead at all. There is a supercilliary ridge over each eye as pronounced as the flange of a car wheel, while the back of this ridge the skull slopes to the rear of the head. Nature did not fit this man to be the head of a modern trust company, but he was provided with a head and skull that would shed missiles like a duck's back turns raindrops. The skulls from this mound have been subject of much interest to archaeologists all over the world and savants from France, Germany, and several other countries have journeyed all the way to Omaha especially to see and study them. Universities in all parts of the world have asked for casts and replicas.

Smithsonian Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulleten 33, 1907

  
    "They are higher in human scale than Neanderthal man, but  lower than the mound builder."

Saturday, December 5, 2015

Archaeologists Aren't Wrong About Evolution; Just Stupid.

Archaeologists Aren't Wrong About Evolution; Just Stupid.




  I was recently corrected on a blog post about my use of the word, "Cro-Magnon."  The argument was that the intellectual elite at our universities no longer differentiated Cro-Magnon from modern men, really? The defintiion of Cro-Magnon is, 

   " An early form of modern human (Homo sapiens) inhabiting Europe in the late 
Paleolithic Period, from about 40,000 to 10,000 years ago,characterized by a broad
 face and tall stature."
   Not a little taller, a lot taller as confessed by, Formicola and Giannecchini's data revealed that "EUP [Early Upper Paleolithic] males are much taller (176.2 cm) and LUP [Late Upper Paleolithic] shorter (165.6 cm), with an average difference of 10.6 cm.
Similarly EUP females (162.9 cm) largely exceed LUP females (153.5 cm)." I think the jury is still out.
Early Modern Human Skull from Qazfeh Cave in Israel, still exhibiting Neanderthal skull traits that would persist for an other 100,000 years with a people known for their great height.
This Archaic type skull along with large height was most prevalent in the very place where Cro-Magnon was first  identified.
News, (Frederick Maryland) Jan 31, 1924
Find Old Graves
Skeletons of Giant Warriors Unearthed in France
Men who lived 25,000 Years Ago Believed to have Died Fighting-Arrow Found in Head of One.
  The discovery of 25,000 year- old graves containing well preserved skeletons of three prehistoric warriors has just been discovered at Solutre, a small village in the. [...] department of France, widely known for its prehistoric remains.
   The skeletons evidently belonged to extremely powerful men, as the smallest of the three measured six feet two inches while the tallest measured six feet nine inches. The shape of the skull is remarkable, the forehead is rather low. The sockets of the eye are square and of large dimensions; the jawbone is prominent and the jaws are powerful, and still contain well preserved teeth.

  It is the same type of  Archaic skulls that were found in great numbers in the burial mounds in the Ohio Valley.  

Montgomery County
The Daily Telegraph,  Jan 21, 1899
GIGANTIC BODY RECOVERED
   The body of a man, more gigantic than ever recorded in human history, has been unearthed in the Miami Valley, Ohio.
    The skeleton it is calculated, must have belonged to a man 8 feet 1 1/2 inches in height.  It was found within a half mile of Miamisburg in a locality which contains many relics of the mound builders.
    He is clearly a man and a very well formed and well proportioned one as to the limbs.  His  skull is of an extremely low order, being but a shade higher than that of Pithecanthorpos Erectus found by Dr. Dubois in Java.  It is far below that the most degraded living type.  The prehistoric giant must have had a head that differed little from that of a gorilla.


    So Cro- Magnon were taller and their skulls or faces were much different. They generally had more of an Archaic type of skull, leaning more towards Neanderthals than modern men with protruding brow ridges, slanted foreheads and massive jaws. We also now know that these early Cro-Magnon were  interbreeding with Neanderthals, a fact that archaeologists have argued against for many years. Being completely wrong  on all aspects of evolution is a pattern of  idiocrecy that is  encouraged at the university level.   In essence, Cro-Magnon were not modern at all.



Thursday, December 3, 2015

Two Identical Serpentine Celtic Sun Temples in Germany and Newark,Ohio

Two Identical Serpentine Celtic Sun Temples in Germany and Newark,Ohio

The serpentine  gateways of these two sun temples at Newark, Ohio and Germany are virtually identical.



Giant Celtic Warrior Unearthed in Ireland

Giant Celtic Warrior Unearthed in Ireland



The Inter Ocean (Chicago, Illinois) April 3, 1914
Find Skeleton Ten Feet Tall
Irish Excavators Dig Up Prehistoric Giants's Bones
   London, April 2. - According to a dispatch published here today, the skeleton of a person who had apparently been ten feet in height has ben found at Dysart, county Louth, Ireland.  The skull of the giant supposed to have  been buried in prehistoric times, measured eighteen inches from the crown of the head to the chin.


Monday, November 30, 2015

7 Foot Nephilim Queen Buried with Servants in a Highland County Burial Mound

7 Foot Woman's Skeleton Discovered in Highland County Burial Mound

Burial Mound photographed in Highland County

 "History of Ross and Highland Counties,"
   
      The findings of archaeologists studying the Cooper mound near Leesburg were recorded:
"It was originally a symmetrical and beautiful mound, probably from 100 to 120 feet in diameter and 25 to 30 feet high. It was found to have regularly stratified composition. The first layer was three feet of loam. Next came 10 to 12 feet of hard, compact clay showing in some places the effect of intense heat. Then came three or four feet of ashes, charcoal, calcined bones and fragments of wood, which, when removed, disclosed a thin layer of a plaster-like substance containing skeletons of five humans, stone tools, ornaments, etc. These skeletons lay with the skulls together and the feet wide apart which suggested the form of a star or spokes in a wheel. At the feet of the tall skeleton of a woman about seven feet long, were found awl or needle-shaped bone or horn implements and close by three copper bracelets. It was claimed that pearl-like necklaces were also found around her neck.





Saturday, November 28, 2015

The Encyclopedia of Ancient Giants in North America

The Encyclopedia of Ancient Giants in North America
Forward by L.A. Marzulli

Now Available on Amazon.
Get It Here

Friday, November 6, 2015

European Upper Paleolithic Skull Described in a New York, Burial Mound

European Upper Paleolithic Skull Described in a New York, Burial Mound


The Occipital Bun in Early European Upper Paleolithic populations

History of Jefferson County, N.Y., 1878
This singular peculiarity, with that of broad flat jaws, retreating forehead, and great prominence of the occiput, which was common to most of these skulls, may hereafter afford some clue to their history.


Thursday, September 3, 2015

Pythagoras Triangle at the Newark, Ohio Earthworks

Pythagoras's Triangle at the Newark, Ohio Earthworks


The Babylonian Amorites in the second millennium B.C.,( 1560B.C) 1000 years before Pythagoras, had formulated the mathematical rules for generating the Pythagora's theorem and understood the relationship between the sides of a right triangle., 12 + 12 = ()2.
From “The Nephilim Chronicles: Fallen Angels in the Ohio Valley,” there is evidence that whom the archaeologists call the Beaker People, were in fact, Amorites who had come to England to mine the tin for the emerging Bronze Age markets. It was the Beaker People who had erected the stones at Stonehenge.


The Amorites who were the accounted giants in the Bible developed the Pythagoras triangle formula a 1,000 years before its namesake.  The executed the formula in England and the Ohio Valley with their indistinguishable earthworks, known as a henge.


Amorite (Beaker People) henge sites laid out geographically to form a Pythagoras triangle.

Thursday, August 20, 2015

The Ohio Swastikas Are Evidence of Indo European Bronze Age Diffusion

The Swastika Associated with Bronze Age Diffusion in Ohio Burial Mound



The Tocharian mummies found in the Tarim Basin of China represent Bronze Age European traders. The Corded People were the tallest of the three groups that were part of the Beaker People. This man was 6 feet, 7 inches tall.


REPORT IT. S. NATIONAL MUSEUM, THE SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION, YEAR ENDING JUNE 30, 1890-1

   The Swastika dates from the earliest diffusion of the Egyptian meander in the basin of the Mediterranean, and it is a profound remark of Morgan (Mission Scientifique au Caucase) that the area of the Swastika appears to be coextensive with the area of bronze. In northern prehistoric Europe, where the Swastika has attracted considerable attention, it is distinctly connected with the bronze culture derived from the south.


The Swastika marks the path of the Corded People (Amorites) out of the Mediterranean, north into Europe and to the British Isles.


   There can be no doubt of these figures being the genuine Swastika, and that they were of aboriginal workmanship. Their discovery immediately suggests investigation as to evidence of communication with the Eastern Hemisphere, and naturally, the first question would be, Are there any pieces of evidence of Buddhism in the Western Hemisphere? When I found, a few days ago, the two before- described representations of Swastikas, it was my belief that no reliable, trace

Two swastikas found within the North Fork Works in Ross County, Ohio.  The swastika had the same solar symbolism as those found with the Corded People that spread Bronze Age weapons technology across Europe, the British Isles and North America.





Bronze Age standing stone in England with a sun cross and swastikas.



Discover the History that Academia  has Supressed  


Friday, August 14, 2015

Travel Guide to the Newark, Ohio Adena Hopewell Burial Mounds and Earthworks

Travel Guide to the Newark, Ohio Adena Hopewell Burial Mounds and Earthworks

The Ohio Historical Society would like you to believe that the only earthworks in Newark, Ohio are the famous Octagon and Henge, but there are numerous burial mounds within the city. There are two sites that I have not posted, and those are the Roberts Mound and the Yost Works that are a little south of I-70.


Friday, August 7, 2015

Mesopotamian Giant Amorites of the Ohio Valley Gematria Numerology Primer. 666 and 1080

Mesopotamian Giant Amorites of the Ohio Valley Gematria Numerology Primer.  666 and 1080

    The two basic numbers that are the core of the numerology codex of Gematria are 666 and 1080.  666 was symbolic of the male Sun and 1080 represented the Earth Mother. The era of the Amorite kingdoms, ca. 2000–1595 BC, is sometimes known as the "Amorite period" in Mesopotamian history. The Amorites were the accounted giants in the Bible. 
    Geometrically the Sun was represented by the circle and the Earth Mother by the square.

The circle and square are combined in several earthworks in Ohio Valley that represent the equal balance of these two forces of nature.  The Amorites developed advanced mathematics of pi and square roots of numbers along with circling a square,where the circle and square both have equal areas.

The circled square is the geometric equivalent of the Yin Yang symbol

Neurologically, the Ohio giants used the ancient base 12 measure of our modern foot. Earthworks with solar alignments, called henges were either 666 feet or 660 feet in circumference.

Square earthworks that symbolized the Earth Mother were typically 1080 feet per side.

At several sites both the Sun and Earth Mother numbers were used together.  At Winchester, Indiana where the gateways were aligned to both the Summer and Winter Solstices, the east west walls were 660 feet and the north south walls were 1080. Interesting is that 1080 X 2 = 2160.  216 is an important number because it is the sum total of 6 X 6 X 6.

At the Piketon, Ohio Sacred via we also find both of these numbers used in the construction of these works.  The walls of the Sacred Via were 1080 feet in length.

These earthen wall extended from the sacred via. 420 + 240 = 660.  420 + 420 + 240 = 1080. 212 X pi = 666!

210 X pi = 660.  You can see how these numbers were used consistently in the construction of the Ohio earthworks in accordance with the Gematria numerical Codex.




Wednesday, July 29, 2015

Amorite Mathematics and the Isosceles Triangle Formed at Newark, Ohio Earthworks

Amorite Mathematics and the Isosceles Triangle Formed at Newark, Ohio Earthworks.

   The number 3 was an important number to the Ohio Amorites, and was expressed geometrically as an isosceles triangle. This knowledge was brought to Ohio from Babylonian during the Amorite occupation.They had formulated the mathematical rules of generating Pythagorean triples and understood the relationship between the sides of a right triangle,  12 + 12 = ()2.]



This Adena mound group located Ross County,Ohio was diagrammed by the Ohio Historical Society.


From the center of the Octagon to the center of Henge and then to the burial mounds located on Geller Hill an isosceles triangle is formed.






Saturday, June 20, 2015

Egyptian-Symbolism-at-Avebury,England-and-Portsmouth,Ohio

Egyptian-Symbolism-at-Avebury,England-and-Portsmouth,Ohio


  This-sun symbol was-prevalent-in-the- Ancient Near East.-It-symbolizes-the-rejuvenation-of-the-Sun-God






Friday, June 12, 2015

Comparing Combe-Capelle Skulls with the "Archaic" Maritime Archaic of North America

Comparing Combe-Capelle Skulls with the "Archaic" Maritime Archaic of North America


The Combe Capelle skull was discovered in France and is dated to about 7,500 B.C.  It has been labeled as Cro Magnon.  The same Archaic features can be found within the Maritime Archaic skulls from Northern Germany, Denmark to North America.  The Maritime Archaic migrated from the coastal regions to the Great Lakes.  Their skulls are easily recognized by the protruding brow ridge and sloping forehead. Skull on the left was uncovered in Wisconsin, the skull to the right is Combe-Capelle.

Tuesday, June 9, 2015

Mysteries of the Megaliths Revealed in the Bible

Mysteries of the Megaliths Revealed in the Bible


   Early accounts of the Megalithic Religion can be found with the story of Jacob in the Book of Genesis (circa 1900 B.C.). “Genesis 28: 18 “And Jacob rose up early in the morning, and took the stone that he had put for his pillows, and set it up for a pillar, and poured oil upon the top of it.' Genesis 31
    “Then Jacob took a stone and set it up as a pillar. Jacob said to his kinsmen, "Gather stones." So they took stones and made a heap, and they ate there by the heap. Now Laban called it Jegar-sahadutha, but Jacob called it Galeed.”

   From,”Bible Hub.Com' “The word “Gal,” rendered 'heap,' properly signifies a round heap or circle; probably like the Druidical remains in this country, which have been traced in India, Persia, Western Asia, Greece, and Northern Europe. These usually consist of irregular circles of large stones, with a principal one in the midst; the former probably being used for seats, and the latter for an altar. corresponding to the stone set up as a pillar by Jacob, and the heap of stones collected by his brethren.”

Tuesday, May 26, 2015

Indiana's Yin Yang Stone Mounds

Indiana's Yin Yang Stone Mounds


This mysterious stone mound formation is located in Clark County, Indiana. Note the cave located on the ridge face that some believed continued up to the mounds.

Monday, May 18, 2015

An Ancient Celtic Giant is Uncovered in Ireland

An Ancient Celtic Giant is Uncovered in Ireland



Pittsburgh Daily Post, April 3, 1914
SKELETON OF PERSON TEN FEET TALL
   London, April 2 - According to a dispatch published here today the skeleton of a person who been apparently 10 feet tall, has been found at Dysart, County Louth, Ireland.  The skeleton was unearthed with two others supposed to have been buried in prehistoric times.
   The three person had been interred in separate graves, all incased with stones.  The skull of the giant measured 18 inches from crown of the head to the chin.


Thursday, May 14, 2015

Faces of Ancient Americans

Faces of Ancient Americans

The skull shown on the far right was an "archaic' type skull with a sloping forehead and a protruding brow ridge.

Wednesday, May 13, 2015

Ancient Giant Human Skeleton Uncovered in Downtown London, England

Ancient Giant Human Skeleton Uncovered in Downtown London, England
The Ottawa Journal, January 3, 1925


Tuesday, May 12, 2015

Burial Mound, Giant Skeletons and Paranormal Activity in West Virginia

Burial Mound, Giant Skeletons and Paranormal Activity in West Virginia



Moore mound located near Point Peninsula, West Virginia. 
Mason County. Note the pile of stones on the left that must have been part of the original tomb.

Mason County, West Virginia
    In an old cultivated field stream with mussel shells, are one large and several small mounds. In all those which were explored there was a layer of skeletons on the natural surface, and two, or sometimes three, other layers above them to a height of 5 feet. The appearance of the mounds justified the statement of Mr. Counch and others at least one more layer had been removed during fifty years of steady cultivation. The skeletons were well preserved many of them large, in a prostrate position, with no particular arrangement.

The original Moore mansion that was subjected to a fire in 1959 and 1969.  Paranormal investigators have said that paranormal activity has been witnessed in the cemetery that contains the Moore family.


Thursday, April 23, 2015

8 Foot Giant Neanderthal Hybrid Discovered in a Missouri Cave

8 Foot Giant Neanderthal Hybrid Discovered in a Missouri Cave

June 15, 1933, Steelville Ledger
Strange Discovery Made by a Boy Looking for Arrowheads, Gives This Missouri Town an Absorbing Mystery to Ponder.

In another article it states that this skeleton was boxed up and sent to the Smithsonian Institution by Dr. Parker. So, where is it now???

    This quiet little summer resort town of the Ozarks has just come to grips with an absorbing mystery of a sort it has never before been called upon to solve. It all came about as a result of Billy Harman's hunt for arrowheads a few weeks ago.
   Poking about in Puckett's Cave in a Meramec River bluff some 10 miles northeast of here, young Harman reached for something white in a hole in the ground and, to his vast amazement came up with a handful of human bones. Soundly startled, the 16 year-old lad put them down and dashed for home. Then, after gathering his courage and some reinforcements, he went back and proceeded to dig on the site of his discovery. From the ancient accumulation of ash and limestone debris he turned up the complete skeleton of an 8 foot giant. The grisly find was brought to Dr. R. C. Parker here and stretched out to its enormous length in a hallway of his office where it has since remained the most startling exhibit Steelville has ever had on public view. People have come from far and near to examine it and fire a broadside of questions at the harassed doctor.
    Who was this giant? When did he live? To what race did he belong? Was he simply a freak among people of normal stature, or did he belong, possibly, to some extinct race of stone-age giants who roamed over these hills before the coming of the Indian? What was the manner of his death? Did he come to his end from natural causes or does that lone arrowhead found among the bones tell its own story of violence? Was he, perhaps, an Ozark Goliath brought down by some David of the Missouri hill country who used a bow and arrow instead of a sling?
   If anybody can answer these questions he is pretty likely to find a warm welcome in Steelville, especially at the hands of Dr. Parker. Anthropologists are scarce hereabouts and the doctor's fund of information about such things was exhausted in the first 20 minutes. An appeal to Dr. Ales Hrdlicka, anthropologist of the National Museum in Washington and a celebrated authority on primitive races is expected to help. Dr. Parker has written to him, offering to forward the skull or the whole skeleton, if necessary , for scientific study.
   Meanwhile, speculation is proceeding at a lively rate. The consensus of local opinion is that these prodigious bones are the remains of an Indian--maybe and Osage, since the Osages inhabited this region a century or so ago--but in any case a chief. For it is argued, a man of such gigantic stature must have been a chief among any primitive people. The skeleton itself is seven and a half feet long without the cartilage layers that once separated the vertebrae, and with some of the bones of the feet missing, Dr. Parker believes the man must have been close to eight feet tall in life, but was apparently of slender build, for the bones are not of extraordinary size except as to length. His slenderness, too, must have been accentuated in appearance, at least, by the extremely small size of his head. With all his magnificent stature, this primitive chief, if chief he was, really was something of a pinhead. The skull measures only 20 inches in circumference--a pretty small skull, even for a man of normal height. The heads of most average sized men measure from 22 to 28 inches in circumference. A 20 inch dome perched on the shoulders of a giant eight feet tall must have looked tiny indeed.
   His brow, too, was anything but noble. Height of forehead, once popularly believed to be a sort of hallmark of high or low intelligence, has been largely discredited as such an indicator now, so this cave man's sloping brow may not necessarily be regarded as a stamp of low mentality. But it may be set down, anyway, as one of the cranial characteristics which fit very neatly into the general "pinhead" picture. Of course he had considerably more above the eyes and ears than such extremely primitive types as the Peking man, Piltdown man and the Neanderthaloids.
   But he did have a low brow, and what is probably more significant, a very narrow one. His jaw, too, while not of the prognathous type characteristic of the most ancient men, was somewhat heavier than that of the average man of today.
    As to his age at the time of his death, there is only the condition of the teeth to serve as an indicator. The fact that most of them were still doing service would argue that he had not attained an advanced age and the fact that the molars were considerably worn would indicate he was no longer a stripling.
The cave in which the skeleton was brought to light is not essentially different from hundreds of other caves to be found in the limestone bluffs of the Ozark country, except that it is easily accessible both from above and below. Many of these Ozark caves are not. The entrance is about 100 feet above the river valley and may be reached by a stiff climb from below or by means of a narrow limestone ledge that runs around the face of the cliff from above. John Pucket of Steelville, who was born and raised in the vicinity, and who owns the cave, says he has known for 50 years that it was once inhabited, for its floor at the entrance is covered with an ash and charcoal accumulation, two or three feet deep. As a boy he was accustomed to hunt for Indian relics in the place and in later years used it as a livestock shelter. As the cave faces east, with a bluff and a heavy forest to protect it from winter winds on the west and north, it makes a capital shelter for livestock--and for the same reason it made a capital dwelling for early races of human beings.
   A corner in the north wall, just within the entrance formed the giant's tomb. The body apparently had been placed in a kneeling position in a shallow grave dug in this niche and covered over with about two feet of soil and debris scooped up from the floor of the cave. The skull, when found, lay face down. Whether the man inhabited the cave in life or took up his abode there only after death, is a question which, like a good many others concerning him, has not been satisfactorily answered. In either case it is evident that the cave had served as a human dwelling place long before his burial, for mixed with the ash and limestone debris, both above and below the skeleton, were numerous fragments of crude clay pottery--the dish breakage of several generations maybe. Apparently the cave dwellers did not bother about such housekeeping details as sweeping out broken dishes.
   There were other thing besides pottery fragments in the grave, too. Whether they were placed there with the body or were merely part of the cave rubbish with which the grave was filled is problematical. But here is the list: two stone awls or drills, two to three inches long; three small bird arrowheads, one of them neatly serrated; one larger arrowhead which might possible have been the cause of the giant's death; a thin oval piece of polished shell roughly the size of a quarter; a segment of bone an eighth of an inch in diameter and half an inch long, polished and hollowed out for stringing; and a 2 ½ inch fragment of a canine tooth or fang, possibly the fang of a saber toothed tiger of prehistoric origin. It is slightly curved and broken off perhaps an inch from the point. If it is the fang of a saber toothed tiger, its presence in the cave would not necessarily mean, of course, that the buried cave dweller was a contemporary of this animal, now long extinct.
    As to the age of the skeleton, estimates are loose and highly variable. They range all the way from 100 to 2000 years. Just now it appears that one man's guess is as good as another's, but the weight of evidence seems to be on the side of the higher estimate. For a good many years, now, scientists have uncovered evidence that the Ozark region once was inhabited by a primitive race of cave-dwelling savages long antedating the Indian. They lived in caverns in limestone bluffs--caverns similar to Puckett's Cave--and led what appears to have been a lowly existence.
   Some 13 years ago, Gorard Fowke, field explorer of the Bureau of Ethnology, Smithsonian Institution, spent several months investigating these cave-dweller remains. He visited hundreds of caves and found, in some, evidence of continuous habitation over a period of 1000 to 2000 years, his estimate being based principally on the depth of ash accumulations from camp fires. One of his most astonishing discoveries was evidence that these aborigines were cannibals, for along with the bones of animals, which they had used for food, he found also human bones, which had been cracked for the extraction of the marrow they contained. These people, he believed lived at least 1000 years ago.
Reason appears, therefore, for belief that the giant of Puckett's Cave may have been one of these prehistoric bluff dwellers.